To allocate an array, one does not need to use new. E.g., Integer[3] creates a new array of Integer of length 3.


Arrays are created without the new keyword


All arrays are allocated on the heap with new

Here is what's right.

Arrays are allocated on the heap. They are a special kind of object. To allocate them, one needs to use new in almost all situations. So, to allocate the above array, one needs to write new Integer[3].

char[] a;
a = new char[12];                       // new required
a = new char[] {'A', 'B', 'C'};         // new required

However, there is an exception: initializers in array variable declarations do not need to specify the array type and the new:

char[] a = new char[] {'A', 'B', 'C'};
char[] a =            {'A', 'B', 'C'};  // ok

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