A static aspect of a program does not depend on program execution.
Related concepts: TypeClassMemberFieldMethod
Closest Wikipedia entry: Method (computer programming): Static methods — A method in object-oriented programming (OOP) is a procedure associated with a message and an object. An object consists of state data and behavior; these compose an interface, which specifies how the object may be utilized by any of its various consumers. A method is a behavior of an object parametrized by a consumer.
Misconceptions about Static2 documented Misconceptions